In the United States, we have two different types of crimes: state-level
crimes and federal crimes. The state legislatures create state laws, whereas
Congress creates federal laws. State crimes are prosecuted in the state courts;
federal crimes are prosecuted in the federal courts.
When a defendant is convicted of a state crime, they are sent to state
jail or prison. On the other hand, when people are convicted of federal
crimes, they are housed in federal prison.
By far, the vast majority of crimes are state crimes. For example,
driving while intoxicated (DWI), most
drug offenses, theft offenses, and violent crimes, such as
assault and murder are tried in the state courts because they are state-level crimes.
Some crimes are both criminalized under state
and federal law. Identity theft, for example, is a criminalized under Texas
law and under federal law. When a criminal defendant violates state and
federal law while committing one particular offense, the state and federal
prosecutors will decide whether to prosecute the individual in state or
Examples of federal crimes, include but are not limited to:
- Cyber crime
- Drug trafficking
- Bankruptcy fraud
- Identity theft
- Tax fraud
- Insurance fraud
- Mortgage fraud
- Health insurance fraud
- Immigration fraud
- Child pornography
- RICO violations
- Organized crime
Many federal crimes are what the
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) refers to as “white collar crimes,” which are nonviolent,
financially-motivated crimes; they’re often sophisticated schemes
committed by business professionals who are frequently investigated by
federal investigators from the FBI. As a rule, the FBI partners with other
local, state, and federal agencies to track down and prosecute white collar
Facing Federal Charges?
If you are facing federal charges, you are urged to contact Dallas Federal
With over 20 years of experience, Attorney Barrett stands ready to defend you.
Call our federal criminal defense firm today to schedule a free consultation!